Activities of daily living (ADLs)
A PCA worker may assist the person with the following ADLs:
Dressing – Including application of clothing and special appliances or wraps
Grooming – Including basic hair care, oral care, shaving, basic nail care, applying cosmetics and deodorant, care of eyeglasses and hearing aids·
Bathing – Including basic personal hygiene and skin care
Eating – Including completing the process of eating, including hand washing and application of orthotics required for eating, transfers and feeding
Transfers – Including assistance to transfer the person from one seating or reclining area to another
Mobility – Including assistance with ambulation, including use of a wheel chair; not including providing transportation
Positioning – Including assistance with positioning or turning a person for necessary care and comfort
Toileting – Including helping person with bowel or bladder elimination and care. This includes transfers, mobility, positioning, feminine hygiene, use of toileting equipment or supplies, cleansing the perineal area, inspection of the skin and adjusting clothing.
Instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs)
A PCA worker may assist an adult with the following:
Accompany to medical appointments
Accompany to participate in the community Assist with paying bills
Communicate by telephone and other media
Complete household tasks integral to the PCA services, such as:
Plan and prepare meals
Shop for food, clothing and other essential items
A PCA worker may assist a child with IADLs when:
Immediate attention is needed for health and hygiene reasons integral to the personal care services
Assessor has indicated this need on the service plan.
Observation and redirection of behaviors
A PCA worker may observe and provide redirection to the recipient for episodes of behavior needing redirection as identified in the care plan.